Daughter Churches

Church Planting The ManualI’m starting a series on models of church planting, using material from Church Planting: The Training Manual, by Martin Robinson and David Spriggs. The book, published in 1995, is out of print.

First post is on three ways of starting ‘daughter churches’, the most widely used model.

The concept of ‘daughter church’ usually implies a relationship of early dependence that may lead to independence or inter-dependence. Daughters usually grow up and leave home. They may share some of the genetic code of their parents but they always take on their own personalities and capacity to make decisions based on their own distinct set of values.

Planting in a surrounding neighbourhood
This model is usually used when a congregation recognises that there’s a critical mass of members who are travelling from a neighbouring area. This would be the most common model of church planting used by the Uniting Church, and the Methodist, Presbyterian and Congregational denominations before union in 1977.

Advantages

  • Easier to evangelise neighbours
  • Allows church to identify more closely with needs of area
  • Area may have strong sense of identity
  • Shared values and assumptions easier to develop with group who already know each other

Disadvantages

  • Living in area does not necessarily mean call to join plant
  • Attraction factors for larger church may not be replicated in plant
  • Group may find it difficult to see new area with fresh eyes

New style of worship in same building or nearby
How to Start A New Service I would say that this is the most common model we’re working with today. With an increased awareness of subcultures, we’re getting used to the idea that there is no one ‘Uniting Church style’ for worship. My concern is that we’re still limited to models of worship that don’t mean a lot to the wider community. A useful resource is Charles Arn’s book, How To Start A New Service.

Advantages

  • Reach a new group of people
  • Avoid unhelpful tensions in mother church
  • Pursue excellence in variety of styles

Disadvantages

  • People artificially divided
  • Unresolved tensions transferred to mother-daughter relationship
  • Freezing of development within one church
  • Potential to overlook new people and focus only on style

Reaching Other Socio-Economic Groups
This model has the benefit of helping a congregation look beyond the ‘parish’ or ‘postcode’ mentality. In any given area there will be people who are open to exploring a connection with faith who may not have any affinity with the cultural setting of existing congregations in their area. Donald McGavran, missiologist, is well known for pointing out that people are most likely to explore faith with people in their own cultural setting. The crucial factor here is setting. Gym members and pub punters may never feel comfortable in a ‘church building’, unless it doubles as a gym and a pub.

Advantages

  • Flexibility in language, music, worship style to reach across cultural barriers
  • People don’t have to leave their cultural group to become Christians

Disadvantages

  • Danger of reinforcing barriers
  • Danger of cultural ghetto
  • Numbers may be too small to support a new church

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